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What to expect from a cystoscopy

A cystoscopy is a quick procedure that usually takes place in an outpatient environment, such as a doctor’s office. In some circumstances, a doctor performs it during a hospital stay. In the past, all cystoscopes were rigid metal devices, but technical advances have lead to the development of flexible, softer scopes that cause less discomfort for the person, who is awake during the procedure. The cost of a cystoscopy varies from one medical practice to another. Because a cystoscopy is a diagnostic procedure, a person’s health insurance should cover some or most of the cost. Anyone who does not have insurance should speak with the doctor about the cost and any discounts that may be available. The procedure is relatively quick, and most people can return to their usual activities on the same day. However, people who require a sedative may take slightly longer to recover. A person can expect to experience some temporary discomfort following a cystoscopy, and they may see blood in their urine. If the discomfort or any accompanying issues cause concern, notify the doctor. A cystoscopy can cause complications that require medical attention. (Credits: www.medicalnewstoday.com)

What to know about L-carnitine

L-carnitine is a type of carnitine, which is a derivative of amino acids. Amino acids combine to make proteins, which carry out many essential tasks in the body. Carnitine helps the body break down fatty acids and turn them into energy to power the cells. L-carnitine is a conditionally essential nutrient, meaning that the body can generally make enough of it, but, in some cases, a person may have to get the compound from food or oral supplements if they cannot make enough. In the body, the liver and kidneys create L-carnitine from the amino acids lysine and methionine. The kidneys can also store L-carnitine for later use and eliminate the excess through the urine stream. People who wish to take L-carnitine should talk to a doctor first. The doctor may have additional recommendations to support any treatment that the person needs and can help them avoid possible reactions and interactions. Most people tolerate L-carnitine well. The recommended dosage is roughly 1–3 grams per day. However, people with genetic abnormalities or other conditions causing a lack of L-carnitine should talk to their doctor for a more specific dosage. Some people may wish to take L-carnitine supplements for their potential benefits, such as aiding athletic performance or weight loss. However, more research is necessary to confirm these benefits (Credits: www.medicalnewstoday.com)