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Everything you need to know about portal hypertension

Portal hypertension occurs when the blood pressure in the portal vein exceeds 10 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). People with a high risk for liver disease and cirrhosis also have an increased risk for portal hypertension. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, people over the age of 50 are more likely to develop cirrhosis, and it is more common in males than in females. ortal hypertension is difficult to diagnose from a person’s symptoms alone. However, a doctor may suspect that a person has portal hypertension if their medical history and current health status suggest that they have a high risk for cirrhosis. There are several treatment options for portal hypertension. People may require a combination of medication, lifestyle changes, and surgical interventions. Treating the underlying causes of portal hypertension may help prevent further liver damage. People who have severe liver damage or liver cancer may require a liver transplant. Without treatment, portal hypertension can lead to severe complications, such as chronic bleeding, abdominal swelling, and liver failure. Doctors typically treat portal hypertension with a combination of blood pressure-lowering medication, lifestyle changes, and surgery (Credits: www.medicalnewstoday.com)

Childhood adversity linked to heart disease in middle age

Research suggests that people who experienced abuse and neglect in their childhood are more likely to have diabetes, high blood pressure, inflammation, and higher levels of the hormone cortisol in response to stress. However, few longitudinal studies have followed individuals into middle age to investigate whether childhood adversity might affect the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. But now, the largest ever study of this kind suggests that people who experience trauma, neglect, and family dysfunction as children are significantly more likely to have a CVD event, such as a heart attack or stroke, in middle age. The authors nevertheless acknowledge that their study had some limitations. For instance, the research only involved participants who were alive 15 years after the CARDIA study began, so the results may underestimate the association that adversity in childhood has with CVD and mortality. The brain can rapidly switch conscious attention between internal sensations, such as breathing or heartbeat, and external sensations. It seems that we cannot focus on both simultaneously, though. Beyond its curiosity value, the new research may also have implications for healthcare. (Credits: www.medicalnewstoday.com)