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Why should we include more exercises in depression treatment?

Both anecdotal and scientific evidence has suggested that physical activity can be a great ally in fending off or fighting the symptoms of depression, which affects around 40 million adults in the United States each year, according to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America. After assessing numerous specialist studies, a new review concludes that exercise can help to both prevent depression and treat its symptoms. However, current treatments for depression often fail to include this lifestyle adjustment, despite the strong evidence. In their review, the authors started by analyzing the data from 49 prospective studies with a total of 266,939 participants between them. The analysis revealed that studies that had adjusted for potential confounding factors — such as age, biological sex, or smoking status — indicated that exercise could help reduce depression risk by 17%. So far, specialists have suggested that physical activity's positive effect on mental health may be because exercise can help reduce inflammation, protect cellular health, and help brain cells regenerate. "Physical activity can confer protection from the development of depression in children, adults, and older adults. These effects are evident in all continents. Also, among people with depression, exercise can be used for acutely managing symptoms. A robust body of evidence from randomized controlled trials demonstrates that exercise is effective in treating depression.", conclude the authors.

(Source: www.medicalnewstoday.com)

Sesame allergy affects more than 1 million people in the US

A recent study suggests that sesame allergy is more widespread in the United States than previously thought. Sesame allergy can arise in children and adults alike. In that sense, the allergy differs from other food allergies, such as milk and egg, which typically start early in life and often fade in the teenage years. Sesame seed comes from the Sesamum indicum plant. The food industry values sesame seed as a raw or roasted ingredient, and also for its oil. The seeds are present in many baked goods, such as bread, bagels, crackers, and cakes. Food allergy occurs when the immune system overreacts to certain food proteins, or allergens. Food allergy reactions can result in very severe symptoms that include facial swelling, hives, wheezing, vomiting, and shock. They can also result in death. More than half of those reporting an additional food allergy said that they also had peanut allergy, a third said that they had tree nut allergy, a quarter said they had egg allergy, and around a fifth reported an allergy to cow's milk. "It is important to advocate for labeling sesame in packaged food. Sesame is in a lot of foods as hidden ingredients. It is very hard to avoid.", Prof. Ruchi S. Gupta.

(Source: www.medicalnewstoday.com)